Cannabis, commonly known by various colloquial terms such as marijuana, weed, pot, and others, is a genus of flowering plants that includes several different species, the most prominent being Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. These plants have been used for centuries for their psychoactive and medicinal properties. The primary psychoactive component is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is responsible for the “high” that users experience. However, cannabis also contains other compounds, including cannabidiol (CBD), which has gained attention for its potential therapeutic benefits without the psychoactive effects of THC. The use of cannabis has been a subject of controversy and has sparked significant debate regarding its legal status, health implications, and social impact. Research into cannabis has expanded significantly in recent years, looking into its potential for treating a variety of medical conditions, such as chronic pain, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis, among others. Additionally, the legalization of cannabis in various regions has opened up new avenues for economic development but has also raised concerns about regulation, public safety, and the implications for public health. As the scientific and medical communities continue to explore the complexities of cannabis and its effects, it remains a focal point of multidisciplinary research, policy discussion, and cultural discourse.