Isolation refers to the process or state where an individual, group, organism, object, or concept is separated from others. This separation can be physical, social, or emotional, and can occur for various reasons, such as to prevent the spread of disease, for scientific study, or due to social dynamics. In a medical context, isolation is often used to protect healthy individuals from infectious diseases by keeping those who are infected in a separate area. In a laboratory setting, scientists may isolate a single cell type or chemical compound to study it in a controlled environment, free from outside influences. Social isolation, on the other hand, occurs when a person lacks interaction with others, which can result from personal choice, social rejection, or as a societal response to behavior considered deviant. Isolation can have significant effects on the well-being of individuals and communities, influencing physical health, psychological state, and social dynamics. The study of isolation spans multiple disciplines, including biology, psychology, sociology, and healthcare, each examining its implications from different perspectives.

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