Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that involves the removal of a carboxyl group from a molecule, resulting in the release of carbon dioxide (CO2). This process is significant in organic chemistry and biochemistry, where it is often a step in the catabolism of sugars, amino acids, and fatty acids. In the context of organic synthesis, decarboxylation can be a useful strategy for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds and the generation of enolates. The reaction typically requires heat or a catalyst to proceed. In the cannabis industry, decarboxylation is a well-known process used to activate the psychoactive compounds in the plant material, such as converting the non-psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) into the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The understanding of decarboxylation reactions is crucial for the development of pharmaceuticals, the design of metabolic pathways in synthetic biology, and the refinement of culinary techniques in the food industry.

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